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ETFs - one of the fastest growing investment products globally

20 April 2021

An Exchange-traded fund (ETF) is a type of security that tracks an index, sector, commodity, or other asset, but can be purchased or sold on a stock exchange the same way as regular stock can.
They differ from individual assets as they group together certain assets of the same class, be it stocks, bonds, commodities or even a mixture of them all.

They issue their own securities, which can be bought and sold on the stock exchange.
Basically, it is an asset class that mirrors some stock indexes: Dow Jones, MSCI, S&P 500, FTSE 100, NASDAQ. The most known ETF is the SPDR S&P 500 (SPY).

The ETF market securities are equivalent to stocks that are part of the fund’s portfolio.
The ETF index changes in accordance with the underlying index: if the FTSE 100 falls, the value of securities in the ETF of that index also falls.

The market factors can influence ETF returns: increased demand forces stocks to grow in price, even if the underlying index stands still, and the increased supply on the market can drop the ETF in value.
Another source of profit for the ETF holder – the difference in exchange rates. Price can be set up in dollars, euros, pounds, but the ETF can be trading in different stock exchanges.

The yield of ETFs depends on:

  • Quotes of basic indices.
  • The level of supply and demand of the ETF.
  • Exchange Rates.

There are more than a thousand stock funds that track a variety of indices: from the world-known (S&P 500, DAX 30, Nikkei 225) to the highly specialised (luxury, vegan, alternative energy, products for Catholics, anti-obesity industries).

Using ETFs as part of a portfolio can allow investors to benefit from a wide range of asset choices and holdings!

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